Learn About Contra Asset Account

contra liability account

Contra liability accounts are special accounts in the liabilities section of the balance sheet. They aim to reduce the balance of some related liability accounts. This would let users of the financial statements calculate the book value of the liability. A company’s financial accounts will usually have three types of items. Assets are debit balances that include resources with expected positive future economic benefits. The contra equity account treasury stock is reported right on the balance sheet. Home Depot has repurchased more than $72 billion of stock to date, with around $7 billion coming during this accounting period.

In case the CA account is not listed in the balance sheet, it must be listed in the footnotes of the financial statement for the users to be informed. A contra asset account is an account in the balance sheet that offsets the balance of a regular asset account. In general, accounts receivable are converted into cash within the operating cycle. This is treated as loss during the period, also called bad debt expense. This loss is treated as an ordinary business expense and is deducted from the asset’s balance. The entry would consist of debiting a bad debt expense account and crediting the respective accounts receivable in the sales ledger.

Presentation of Contra Assets

A https://bookkeeping-reviews.com/ equity account reduces the total number of outstanding shares listed on a company’s balance sheet. When a company buys back its own shares from the open market, it records the transaction by debiting the treasury stock account. A company may decide to buy back its shares when management feels the stock is undervalued or because it desires to pay stock dividends to its shareholders. The outstanding balance of a contra asset account represents a credit figure. These accounts are maintained individually and are adjusted from the corresponding asset’s balance to show the net amount of the assets in financial statements.

  • Contra asset accounts are credited when these are increased and debited when these are decreased.
  • These assets are expected to provide future economic benefits for many accounting periods.
  • The netbook value of the machinery by the end of the first year will be $80,000 ($100,000-$20,000) and $60,000 ($100,000-$40,000) by the end of the second year.
  • For example, accumulated depreciation will go along with related assets.
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However, these can cause a reduction in other balances on the statement. The most common type of contra account is the contra-asset account. This type is paired with the asset account, which allows a business to record the original price or value of the asset at time of purchase. The contra asset account then allows recording of the value factoring in depreciation. By reporting contra accounts on the balance sheet, users can learn even more information about the company than if the equipment was just reported at its net amount. The equity section of the balance sheet is where the shareholder’s claims to assets are reported. The main contra equity account is treasury stock, which is the balance of all stock repurchased by the company.

What Are the Different Types of Contra Accounts?

The accumulated depreciation account is designed to reduce the carrying value of the fixed asset account when depreciation is recorded at the end of each period. As mentioned above, the primary situation in which contra asset accounts appear has to do with accumulated depreciation. Therefore, an example of a contra asset account involved with a depreciation situation seems reasonable to observe.

  • They aim to reduce the balance of some related liability accounts.
  • Contra asset accounts include allowance for doubtful accounts and accumulated depreciation.
  • Therefore, contra accounts are the reverse accounts that decrease a specific account’s balance.
  • Therefore, an example of a contra asset account involved with a depreciation situation seems reasonable to observe.

Finally, take the total of depreciation and subtract it from total assets. If a ledger were to be observed in this situation, then one would see a balance of three asset debits matched up against three contra asset credits . Normal asset accounts have a debit balance, while contra asset accounts are in a credit balance.

What Does Contra Account Mean?

Nova Incorporated is attempting to finalize their balance sheet in terms of the net value of their assets. At the end of the year, their assets are as follows… Nova Company valued a van at $30,000, an office building at $500,000 and office equipment at $20,000. At the same time, depreciation for the van at the end of the year ended up at $500. And the depreciation for the office equipment ended up at $1,000.


There are many situations where one account is used to offset another account. One common example is accumulated amortisation, which is a contra-asset account.

Similarly, it allows companies to retrieve original account balances without complicated calculations. For stakeholders, looking at both accounts is also crucial in their decision-making process. A contra account is an account with a balance opposite the normal accounts in its category. Contra accounts are usually linked to specific accounts on thebalance sheetand are reported as subtractions from these accounts. In other words, contra accounts are used to reduce normal accounts on the balance sheet.

What are the different types of contra accounts?

“There are 4 main types of contra accounts:

– Contra Asset Account

– Contra Liability Account

– Contra Equity Account

– Contra Revenue Account”

It is not classified as a liability since it does not represent a future obligation. Contra equity accounts are accounts in the equity section of the balance sheet that reduce the amount of equity a company holds. Therefore, contra equity accounts have a debit balance to offset their corresponding equity balances. Accumulated depreciation is a contra asset account used to record the amount of depreciation to date on a fixed asset. Examples of fixed assets include buildings, machinery, office equipment, furniture, vehicles, etc. The accumulated depreciation account appears on the balance sheet and reduces the gross amount of fixed assets.

Treasury stock differs from other stocks in that it has no voting rights, and no dividends are paid to the treasury stock. The main reason is to make the remaining shares more valuable, as their prices are expected to rise after the stock buyback. This means it received $4,500 in cash but needs to pay $5,000 back to the bondholders. Accumulated depletion is the counterpart of natural resource assets. The following information is available from the financial records of X Company. Explain what happens to the capital account when it disposes of an asset. Intangible assets are non-monetary assets that cannot be seen, touched, or physically measured.

account balance

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